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Low fruit and vegetable consumption (Indicator 16)

Published


The indicator describes the following: Percentage of population aged 18+ years who eat less than five servings of fruit and/or vegetables on average per day.


The recommended daily intake of fruit and vegetables is five servings per day. The indicator describes the percentage of individuals whose intake is too low.

Results

The percentage eating less than the recommended amount of fruit and vegetables was 78 per cent among men and 75 per cent among women in 2010-11. 

frukt NCD.jpg

Figure 1Percentage of population who ate less than five servings of fruit and/or vegetables per day in 2010-11 as a percentage. Source: Norkost 3. A nationally representative dietary survey of men and women in Norway aged 18-70, 2010-11. The University of Oslo, the Norwegian Food Safety Authority and the Norwegian Directorate of Health. 

  • Read more about the Public Health Report: Diet 

Data source: National Dietary Surveys (Norkost)

The data sources for this indicator are the National Dietary Surveys of Adults (Norkost).

Results from the Tromsø Study and the HUNT Study will be published at a later date.

A description and definitions of the National Dietary Surveys of Adults (Norkost) follow below.

Description 

The National Dietary Surveys of Adults (Norkost) provide data at the individual level about the intake of food and drink among a nationally representative sample of the population of Norway. National dietary surveys were conducted among adults in 1993, 1997 and 2010-11 under the direction of the Department of Nutrition at the University of Oslo, in collaboration with the Norwegian Food Safety Authority and the Norwegian Directorate of Health. 

Norkost 3 was conducted in 2010-11 among a nationally representative sample of adults aged 18-70 and with a 37 per cent participation rate (a total of 1787 people participated). The method used was a combination of repeated 24-hour dietary recall interviews and a food propensity questionnaire. The next Norkost study is planned for around 2020.

Effect measure

  • Percentage of adults who eat less than five servings of fruit and/or vegetables per day. 

The results are based on two 24-hour dietary recall interviews with 862 men and 925 women. 

One serving is defined as 100 grams of vegetables, fruit or berries. The data is calculated to show the daily intake of vegetables, fruit and berries, which includes a maximum of 100 grams of juice per day. (Potatoes are excluded.) 

The age distribution of the population of Norway has not been taken into account which means that the data are not age-standardised.

Interpretation and sources of error

Since the intake for each person is the average of two days of data collection, this does not provide sufficient basis on which to comment on the individual’s normal intake. 

Global indicator definition

Indicator 16 Age-standardised prevalence of persons (aged 18+ years) consuming less than five total servings (400 grams) of fruit and vegetables per day.

National adaptation to global indicators

The figures shown are representative of the age distribution in the National Dietary Survey of Adults, Norkost 3. The data are not age-standardised. 

Authors and contacts

Text compiled by the Department of Non-Communicable Diseases at the Norwegian Institute of Public Health. The Department of Nutrition at the University of Oslo provided the basis for the data.