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Referanser for PAH

  1. Albinet A, Leoz­Garziandia E, Budzinski H, ViIlenave E. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), nitrated PAHs and oxygenated PAHs in ambient air of the Marseilles area (South of France): Concentrations and sources. Sci Total Environ 2007; 384: 280­92.
  2. Cassee FR, Fokkens PHB, Leseman D, HJTh B, Boere AJF. Respiratory allergy and inflammation due to ambient particles (RAIAP) collection of particulate matter samples from 5 European sites with high volume cascade impactors. RIVM rapport 863001001. Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu RIVM; 2003.
  3. Kocbach A, Herseth JI, Lsg M, Refsnes M, Schwarze PE. Particles from wood smoke and traffic induce differential pro­inflammatory response patterns in co­cultures. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 2008; 232: 317­26.
  4. WHO. Air Quality Guidelines for Europe Second Edition. WHO Regional Office for Europe, Copenhagen, Denmark; 2001.
  5. Boström CE, Gerde P,  Hanberg A, Jernström  B, Johansson C, Kyrklund T, Rannug A, Törnqvist M, Victorin K, Westerholm R. Cancer risk  assessment,  indicators,  and  guidelines for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in   the ambient air. Environ Health Perspect 2002; 110: 451­88.
  6. Jongeneelen FJ. Biological monitoring of environmental exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; 1­hydroxypyrene in urine of people. Toxicol Lett 1994; 72: 205­11.
  7. Grimmer G, Brune H, Deutsch­Wenzel R, Dettbarn G, Misfeld J. Contribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons to the carcinogenic impact of gasoline engine exhaust condensate evaluated by implantation into the lungs of rats. J Natl Cancer Inst 1984; 72: 733­9.
  8. Heinrich U, Roller M, Pott F. Estimation of a lifetime unit lung cancer risk for benzo (a) pyrene based on tumour rates in rats exposed to coal tar/pitch condensation aerosol. Toxicol Lett 1994; 72: 155­61.
  9. Harper N, Steinberg M, Safe S. Immunotoxicity of a reconstituted polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon mixture in B6C3F1 mice. Toxicology 1996; 109: 31-8.
  10. Diaz-Sanchez D. The role of diesel exhaust particles and their associated polyaromatic hydrocarbons in the induction of allergic airway disease. Allergy 1997; 52: 52-6.
  11. Nasjonalt folkehelseinstitutt, RAIAP. Respiratory allergy and inflammation due to ambient particles - a European-wide assessment. Final report. 04.
  12. Nightingale JA, Maggs R, Cullinan P, Donnelly LE, Rogers DF, Kinnersley R, Fan C. Airway inflammation after controlled exposure to diesel exhaust particulates. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2000; 162: 161-6.
  13. Behndig AF, Mudway IS, Brown JL, Stenfors N, Helleday R, Duggan ST, Wilson SJ, Boman C, Cassee FR, Frew AJ. Airway antioxidant and inflammatory responses to diesel exhaust exposure in healthy humans. Eur Respir J 2006; 27: 359­65.
  14. Törnqvist H, Mills NL, Gonzalez M, Miller MR, Robinson SD, Megson IL, MacNee W, Donaldson K, Soderberg S, Newby DE. Persistent endothelial dysfunction in humans after diesel exhaust inhalation. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2007; 176: 395­400.
  15. Lucking AJ, Lundback M, Mills NL, Faratian D, Barath SL, Pourazar J, Cassee FR, Donaldson K, Boon NA, Badimon JJ. Diesel exhaust inhalation increases thrombus formation in man. Eur Heart J 2008; 29: 3043­51.
  16. Armstrong B, Hutchinson E, Unwin J,  Fletcher T. Lung cancer risk after exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons: a review and meta­analysis. Environ Health Perspect 2004; 112: 970­8.
  17. Bosetti C, Boffetta P, La Vecchia C. Occupational exposures to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and respiratory and urinary tract cancers: a quantitative review to 2005. Ann Oncol 2007; 18: 431-46.
  18. IARC. Tobacco smoking. Chemistry and analysis of tobacco smoke. IARC Monogr Eval Carcinog Risk Chem Hum 1986; 38: 168-70.
  19. Cordier S, Monfort C, Filippini G, Preston-Martin S, Lubin F, Mueller BA, Holly EA, Peris-Bonet R, McCredie M, Choi W. Parental exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and the risk of childhood brain tumors: The SEARCH International Childhood Brain Tumor Study. Am J Epidemiol 2004; 159:1109.
  20. Burstyn I, Kromhout H, Partanen T, Svane O, Langsrd S, Ahrens W, Kauppinen T, Stucker I, haham J, Heederik D. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and fatal ischemic heart disease. Epidemiology 2005; 16: 744-50.
  21. Choi H, Rauh V, Garfinkel R, Tu Y, Perera FP. Prenatal exposure to airborne polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and risk of intrauterine growth restriction. Environ Health Perspect 2008; 116: 658-65.
  22. Perera FP, Li Z, Whyatt R, Hoepner L, Wang S, Camann D, Rauh V. Prenatal airborne polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon exposure and child IQ at age 5 years. Pediatrics 2009;124: e195-e202.
  23. Pope III CA, Burnett RT, Thun MJ, Calle EE, Krewski D, Ito K, Thurston GD. Lung cancer, cardiopulmonary mortality, and long-term exposure to fine particulate air pollution. JAMA 2002; 287: 1132-41.