The Norwegian Knowledge Centre for the Health Services was commissioned by the Directorate for Children, Youth and Family Affairs (Bufdir) to conduct a systematic review on the effect of interventions to prevent/manage violence and aggression between youth and youth workers. To identify and map the existing literature before beginning the review, we conducted a systematic literature search.
We developed a search strategy, and conducted a systematic search of relevant databases in September 2014. Two researchers independently went through identified references to assess inclusion according to predefined criteria. We sorted potentially relevant references according to study, intervention, and population.
We identified 3664 references through the literature search. Of these, we assessed 60 as being potentially relevant:
- We identified four systematic reviews. Two reviews examined the effect of interventions targeting foster parents to reduce violence/aggression among foster children (Hahn 2004, Turner 2007). One review (Limbos 2006) examined the effect of interventions to prevent violent behaviour among youth. The most recent review (Oliver 2011) looked at the effect of teachers various classroom management strategies on aggressive behaviour. Furthermore, we identified 31 effect studies, of which 11 were randomized controlled trials. We also found four qualitative studies, two studies that used mixed methods. Study design was not reported for 19 included studies.
- 43 studies examined interventions targeting youth in contact with youth workers to prevent or manage violent or aggressive behaviour. Seventeen studies examined interventions targeting youth workers to prevent or manage violent or aggressive incidents with youth.
- Based on the identified references, it may be possible to conduct a systematic review on the effect of interventions targeting youth to prevent violent or aggressive behaviour.
We have sorted and listed all possibly relevant references, but we have neither read the papers in full, critically appraised their methodological quality, nor synthesised their conclusions.