Population in Norway (summary)
The population of Norway at the turn of the millennium was just under 4.5 million and had surpassed 5 million inhabitants by 2012.
The population trend reflects a relatively high fertility rate, high immigration, high levels of urbanisation, many single person households and an increasing proportion of elderly people.
Immigrants and their children make up about 14 per cent of the population. The number of immigrants is expected to grow from 0.55 million in 2012 to around 1.3 million in 2050.
People over 70 years of age constitute about 10 per cent of the population and this proportion is expected to increase to around 20 per cent by 2070.
A more diverse population will provide new public health challenges in the future.