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Countries with high occurrence of tuberculosis

List of countries with a high occurrence of tuberculosis. People from these countries are required to undergo tests for tuberculosis.

gho_tb_incidence_2016 (2).png

Tuberculosis incidence per 100 000 population per year (WHO 2017)

People from countries with a high occurrence of tuberculosis are obliged to undergo tuberculosis testing if they intend to stay more than three months in Norway, and their children will be offered BCG vaccination. The Norwegian Institute of Public Health maintains the list over which countries are considered to be high occurrence countries. From March 2017, there is a distinction between high and very high occurrence to help target screening for latent tuberculosis.

What does "high occurrence" mean?

According to the Norwegian regulations for tuberculosis control, the Norwegian Institute of Public Health must state which countries have a high occurrence of tuberculosis.

The list of countries with high occurrence is based on estimates from the World Health Organization (WHO), resistance evaluation and data on incidence in Norway. The list was last last updated in February 2018.

Since March 2017, there is a distinction between high and very high occurrence of tuberculosis. Occurrence of over 200 cases per 100,000 inhabitants is considered to be very high. A few additional countries are included in this group because of high incidence in Norway. The reason for the change is that the test for latent tuberculosis (IGRA) among young adults is being limited to only include new arrivals from countries with high occurrence.

Obligatory tuberculosis testing

These people are required to undergo tuberculosis testing:

  • People arriving from countries with high occurrence if they intend to stay for more than three months in Norway. Children will be offered the BCG-vaksine.
  • All refugees and asylum seekers, even if they come from countries that are not on the list of high occurrence countries. 

Alphabetical list of countries with high and very high occurrence

The table gives an alphabetical overview of countries with high and very high occurrence, updated 13.02.2018. The countries with very high occurrence are marked in bold. 

Countries with high TB occurrence - alphabetical
 A-C D-J K-M N-S T-Z

Afghanistan      

Algeria

Angola

Armenia

Azerbaijan

 

Bangladesh

Belarus

Benin

Bhutan

Bolivia

Botswana

Brazil

Brunei Darussalam

Burkina Faso

Burundi

 

Cabo Verde

Cambodia

Cameroon

Central African Republic

Chad

China

Congo

Côte d’Ivoire

 

Democratic People’s Republic of Korea

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Djibouti

Dominican Republic

 

Ecuador

El Salvador

Equatorial Guinea

Eritrea

Ethiopia

 

Fiji

 

Gabon

Gambia

Georgia

Ghana

Greenland (Denmark)

Guam

Guinea

Guinea-Bissau

Guyana

 

Haiti

Honduras

Hong Kong SAR

 

India

Indonesia

Iraq

Kazakhstan

Kenya

Kiribati

Kyrgyzstan

 

Lao People’s Democratic Republic

Lesotho

Liberia

Libya

Lithuania

 

Macao SAR

Madagascar

Malawi

Malaysia

Maldives

Mali

Marshall Islands

Mauritania

Micronesia

Mongolia

Morocco

Mozambique

Myanmar

Namibia

Nauru

Nepal

Nicaragua

Niger

Nigeria

Northern Mariana Islands

 

Pakistan

Palau

Panama

Papua New Guinea

Paraguay

Peru

Philippines

 

Republic of Korea

Republic of Moldova

Romania

Russian Federation

Rwanda

 

Sao Tome and Principe

Senegal

Sierra Leone

Singapore

Solomon Islands

Somalia

South Africa

South Sudan

Sri Lanka

Sudan

Swaziland

Tajikistan

Thailand

Timor-Leste

Togo

Turkmenistan

Tuvalu

 

Uganda

Ukraine

United Republic of Tanzania

Uzbekistan

 

Vanuatu

Viet Nam

 

Yemen

 

Zambia

Zimbabwe



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